How do you measure collaboration, employee engagement, and improved communication in hard numbers? In other words, how will you know if your intranet is successful?
Creating intranet metrics can be challenging. Since intranets affect many areas of the business and are used for different purposes within an organization, figuring out how to measure success can feel like trying to nail jello to the wall.
The good news is that it’s actually not that hard, as long as you start with your intranet strategy and objectives. Your intranet strategy should be aligned with company goals, and it should be designed to drive business outcomes.
Once you have defined your business outcomes, creating and implementing KPIs are pretty straightforward. From there, you can identify problems, celebrate success, and create an ongoing improvement plan.
The Measurement Process
Step 1. Create a Strategy
If you don’t have an intranet strategy, don’t worry. Many people have a general idea of what they want an intranet to accomplish but haven’t laid it out on paper. Go back and create one now.
Step 2. Define KPIs
Discuss what success looks like with your intranet stakeholders, and define some key performance indicators (or KPIs). Going through that journey together keeps all relevant stakeholders on the same page. This ensures discussion surrounding a metric focuses on how to improve it, rather than debating if it’s the right metric or not.
It’s helpful to think about the kinds of evidence you will see when you’ve accomplished your goals.
There are five types of success evidence:
|Success Evidence Type||Success Evidence Examples|
Once you have defined success, take your evidence and think of ways you can measure it. Make a laundry list of all the intranet metrics you can think of. Here are a few examples, based on success evidence we defined above:
|Success Evidence Examples||Metric Examples|
|Reduced travel expenses for internal meetings.||
|Employees make fewer errors on routine processes.||
|Employees express satisfaction with the new intranet.||
|Reduced time to submit expenses.||
|Customer receive more consistent and accurate information.||
Refine your list for relevance (does it really measure the business outcome?) and feasibility (do I have the tools to measure it on a regular basis?) and action-ability (can we use it to make better decisions?).
Here are a few more tips for selecting great KPIs:
- Use the SMART goal framework. Good KPIs should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable (for targets), Relevant, and Time-limited.
- Rates, ratios, percentages, and averages are better for true comparison.
- The K in KPI is Key. What intranet metrics are absolutely mission-critical? Which ones would you take to a deserted island? Cut it down to a short list of the most important intranet metrics.
Step 3. Implement them
To get the most data from the start, begin implementing your KPIs prior to intranet launch. You also want to pull as much data from the old system as you can before you stop using it. Test your new measurement process before it goes live. There may also be KPIs where, although they measure the intranet, the outcomes are seen in different systems. These could include quality reports, customer satisfaction surveys, employee surveys, timesheet systems, etc.
Step 4. Measure and Improve
There are three approaches you can take to measure your baseline data:
- Baseline from launch: Take your baseline either from the last month of your old intranet or the first month of your new intranet. This is usually the easiest data to pull and may be all you have available. However, the other methods are more accurate and are preferable.
- Baseline against historical average: Look back at 12 weeks of rolling data and take an average. Because you are taking a longer period of time, the data is more likely to be accurate and should help remove any weird seasonality issues (for example, your intranet usage might drop significantly over the Christmas holidays).
- Baseline against the same period last year: This is the best method, but obviously requires a lot more data.
The final step is to summarize your KPIs and targets into a dashboard. Display your KPIs and targets in a way where readers can easily see if targets are reached. Include notes on key insights, actions, and steps being taken, and KPI definitions. Avanish Kaushik’s post on Strategic & Tactical Dashboard Design provides some excellent examples.
Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in September 2014 by Jill Purse, and has been revamped and updated for accuracy and comprehensiveness.